Some action verbs can take an indirect object as well as a direct object. Most commonly, these are verbs that involve giving something to someone or making something for someone. Indirect objects are usually found with verbs of giving or communicating like give, bring, tell, sell, build, show, take, or offer. An indirect object is always a noun or pronoun which is not part of a prepositional phrase.
An indirect object is really a prepositional phrase in which the preposition to or for is not stated but understood. It tells to whom or for whom something is done. The indirect object always comes between the verb and the direct object.
Indirect objects are usually placed directly before the direct object. They usually answer the questions "to what/whom?" or "for what/whom.
An object of a preposition (NOP) in place of NIO:
She gave a rose to Dave. (to Dave is a prepositional phrase; Dave is NOP)
NS VT NIO NDO
Example: She gave Dave a rose.
She gave a rose to whom? Dave
NS VT NIO
Example: She bought the little boy with the crooked grin a
She bought a lollipop for whom? boy
Label the sentences below: NS VT NIO NDO
- Professor Gonzalez lent a copy of his book to the student.
- We will make an offer to the agent.
- The captain told a story to the people.
- You gave me some water.
- The management will offer better pay to the nurses.
- The neighbor baked cookies for the children.
- Pitch him a curve ball.
- Ralph sent his brother an email.
- Sally’s boss gave her more work.
- We gave George a puppy.
- The manager offered Francisco a contract.
- He sold my brother a horse.
- Jim built his son a sandcastle.
- Philip bought his coworker lunch.
- The professor gave the students a lecture.
- The flight attendants showed the passengers the way.
- The artist painted them a picture.
Convert the NIO in the sentences below into a NOP
1. Frank’s boss has sent him a notice about the next convention.
2. John read his nephew an exciting story.
3. Our father built the family a redwood picnic table.
4. The doctor sent me a bill for his services.
5. We gave my mother a book for her birthday.
6. She sent James a letter.
7. They made Bob dinner.
Pattern: NS VT NDO NOC
1. The convention named Dogbreath Vice President.
2. We consider Joe a gourmet.
3. The minister pronounced the couple man and wife.
4. The group appointed the new member secretary.
5. Special circumstance can make ordinary people heroes.
6. We elected him chairman.
7. The local residents called the travelers intruders.
8. The coach named Katherine the most valuable player.
9. Tina considers Mrs. Brown a valuable mentor.