vMake it Real: Child Maltreatment
vHave you ever wondered whether a particular child was being maltreated? Have you ever confronted a parent about it?
v– any intentional harm or neglect to anyone under age 18. It can happen at any stage of childhood and it falls into two broad categories
v- Deliberate harm any action that is harmful (either physically or psychologically) to an individual’ s well-being. The severity of abuse depends on how much and how often it occurs and on the vulnerability of the victim.
vConsists of any action that harms the child’s body such as , hitting, biting, hair pulling etc.
vNonphysical mistreatment that can include patterns of :
vContinued rejection of the child
vRefusal to provide needed nurturance
vRefusal to provide help for a child’s psychological problems.
vLack of needed mental or physical stimulation.
vForced involvement with drugs, criminal, activities and other corruptive forces.
vIs the victimization of a child by sexual activities including, but not limited to sexual assault, rape, incest.
vExposing children to viewing of or making pornography.
•Any inaction that harms or endangers a person. Neglect can involve physical needs (food, warmth) or psychological needs (love, language).
vNeglect is more common and perhaps more harmful in the long run.
vFailure to thrive
vIt’s one sign of neglect. Identified in an infant or young child who gains little or no weight, despite apparently normal health
vReporting Child Maltreatment
vTeachers, social workers, doctors, etc. are required by law to report cases
vSubstantiated maltreatment: means a reported case was investigated and verified
vIn the U.S., there are about 3 million reported and 1 million substantiated cases per year
vWarning Signs of Maltreatment
vFailure to thrive: an otherwise healthy infant or young child does not gain weight
vPost-traumatic stress disorder: easily startled, nightmares, headaches, etc.
vHyper-vigilance: excessive watchfulness
vConsequences of Maltreatment
vAbused and neglected children are at higher risk of:
vDeath, sickness, brain damage, malnutrition, lack of stimulation, poor social skills (aggressive or withdrawn), substance abuse, depression, behavioral problems
vNot to mention the intense feelings of loss of the “perfect” family…
vPrimary: stable neighborhoods, income equality, social support
vSecondary: home visits, high-quality child care.These must consider cultural values, and strengthen parenting skills
vTertiary: remove the child from the home
vPermanency planning involves setting goals and a timetable for long-term care of a child.
vFoster care is legally sanctioned care of a child by nonrelatives.
vKinship care is care by relatives.
vAdoption is an option, but is difficult to achieve