FEEDING THE TODDLER
Profile of Toddlers and Preschoolers
- Toddlers want to assert their INEPEDENCE but need and want limits
- Due to their increased mobility and activity level they need to be protected from and taught about environmental hazards.
- Children in childcare are exposed to a diverse population and learn that different people do things in different ways.
- TV watching reduce the time spend in physical activity. Less activity- less calories needed – obesity
- TV influences child’s food choice making- high sugar
- The toddler grows less rapidly than the infant, but still has a high nutrient need and limited stomach capacity
- Toddlers need a CONSISTENT SCHEDULE for eating.
- They use and know the power of the word “NO”.
- Toddlers are NEOPHOBIC
- ² Preschool children are 2 ½- 5 years
- ² They want to please and learn to express their INDIVIDUALITY in ways that are more appropriate
- ² They are very sociable and want to be liked
- ² They want structure and respect it
- ² They are discovering and very social
FEEDING A TODDLER
Toddlers – preferences known- asserting independence.
Toddler’s will and will not foods change every day.
Do not get involve in battles just know your obligations:
- Serve a variety of nutritious foods
- Deciding when food is offered
- Setting a good example by eating a variety of foods
The child is responsible for:
- Choosing what foods will be eaten from those that have been offered
- Deciding how much of the offered food to eat
Kinds of Foods and the Amount to be Served
Follow the Food Pyramid guidelines:
- Bread, Cereal, Rice and Pasta group (6 servings) 2 Tbs.
- Vegetable group (3 servings) 2Tbs.
- Fruit group (2 servings) 2Tbs.
- Milk, Yogurt, and cheese group (2 servings) ½ - ¾cup
- Meat, Poultry, Fish, Dry beans, and Eggs (2serving) ½ -1
- Fat, Oils, and Sweets group
- Toddlers prefer foods presented individually.
- Serve less- child will ask for more- assert independence
- Slow growth rate-decrease of appetite
When to Serve Food
- K Timing of meals too much time – spaced too often
- ¶ Breakfast
- ¶ Midmorning snack
- ¶ Lunch
- ¶ Midafternoon snack
- ¶ Dinner
- ¶ Bedtime snack, optional
Fun, Safe and Pleasant Meal time
- CChild-sized furniture and utensils (no plastic)
- CUse plates with 2-3 dividers
- CSmall 4-6 ounce cups
- CBetter fine motor skills and hand/ eye coordination allows better usage of eating utensils
- CFinger food allow self-feeding
- CSanitation is important -Handwashing is a MUST
Transition from Toddler to Preschool years
- J Preschoolers grow in “spurts” – periods of little growth
- J When growing –appetite is usually good
- J When growth slows- appetite decreases
- J Food-emotion link
- J A growing energetic child will Never starve
- J Make sure that meals and snacks are nutritious
- J Preschoolers like rules even though they resist them
- J Teachers and parents are responsible for forming positive feelings about food- healthful eating practices
Kinds of Foods and Amount to be Served for Preschoolers
Follow the Food Guide Pyramid:
- ½ to ¾ cup of milk
- ½ to 1 slice of bread
- 1 Tbsp. Per year of age for: fruits, vegetables and meats or meats alternatives
- CServe little less- they will ask for more
- C3- 5 years old are concerned with the way food looks- present variety of colors shapes and textures.
- CInvolve them in food preparation
Good Eating Habits
- J Life-long eating habits are formed between ages 1 to 5 years
- J Parents and teachers should promote good eating habits
- J Serving and enjoying a variety of nutritious foods
- J Be positive role models
- J Never use food as REWARDS for trying new foods or for obtaining a desire behavior
- J Never asked the child to present a “clean plate”- obesity
Health Problems relating to Eating Habits
- Dental Caries (tooth decay): is due to sugar intake in the diet. The kind of sugar (soluble or not), the form it is in (adheres to tooth surface or not), and the time eaten.
- Obesity: it is preventable by making wise food choices increasing the activity level. Parents need to watch out for signals too stop feeding the infant.
- Hypertension: (high blood pressure) has been correlated with a high intake of salt (sodium). Fast foods are high in sodium.
- Cardiovascular disease: is linked with high levels of certain fatty substances in the blood, Cholesterol is most often associated with CVD. Eat less saturated fat.
Common Feeding Concerns
Milk Anemia child who drinks 16-24 ounces of milk daily usually doe not consume enough foods from the other groups to adequately meet nutrient needs.