Prof. Ron Behling
POLITICAL AND SOCIAL HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES I - (HISTORY 11)
L.A. Mission College – Spring 2014 - Section No. 3113
M-Th 6:30 - 9:00 P.M. Room: INST 1003
Text: Carnes, Mark C. and Garraty, John A., The American Nation, (Volume 1) 14th Edition only. Books a la Carte edition – (ISBN-13: 978-0205842001 and ISBN-10: 0205842003)
The professor’s Office Hours are: Monday to Thursday 5:30 - 6:30 p.m., or by appointment, in INST (Instructional Building) Cubicle # 28. His telephone number is (818) 364-7600 ext. 4157.
History 1 is the first part of a two-course series which covers the history of the United States (and the peoples inhabiting the land area that was to become the United States) from the earliest pre-Columbian times to the present. The first part, History 11, carries the story forward to the close of the Civil War in 1865.
In this course, therefore, we will deal with U.S. History from the pre-1492 era to 1865. The course will be divided into four parts, each ending in a quiz or full exam. You will be expected to read the assigned text, Carnes and Garraty, The American Nation, volume 1 (14th edition). The chapters you need to read are chapters 1 through 14.
Reading about three chapters per week, we will in the first half of the course cover the period from the Spanish arrival in the New World in 1492 (and before) through the English colonial period (1607 to 1776), the founding of the U.S., and the early history of the U.S. to the election of Andrew Jackson in 1828. All of this is covered in chapters 1 through 7 of the text. There is a Quiz and then a Midterm Exam concerning that material. The second half of the course runs from 1828 through the Civil War and then to 1865, and is covered in chapters 8 through 14. Another Quiz and then the Final Exam will focus on that material primarily.
Quizzes and Exams will count for 100% of your grade. They will be structured as half essay and half brief identification. No make-ups will be given. There will be some unannounced short quizzes, so bring a blue book to class each time. These show class participation and may elevate a borderline final grade. As will arriving on time, having read the weekly assignment, participating in class discussions, and courteous attentiveness to the professor and any other speaker. Cell phones must be silent and no texting is allowed.
The exams and quizzes must be submitted on blank smaller-size bluebooks (which are available at the student store). Please use black or blue pen only, as pencil writing and odd colors are sometimes hard to read.
ATTENDANCE is expected and is vital to your grade. There is no penalty for up to 3 hours absence.
Absences of more than 3 hours will begin to lower your overall course grade. Students who are absent for more than 9 hours will not receive a passing grade in the course. Tardies count for one-third of an absence. Contact the professor if you are having some special problem.
No reference material is allowed during exams. Cell phones and all electronic devices must be turned off and put away, and there will be NO BATHROOM BREAKS DURING EXAMS.
Do not be overly concerned in answering your essay questions about grammar, punctuation or spelling. You will not be marked off for mistakes in those areas, although they may be called to your attention for your general benefit. What matters in these answers is your ability to discuss facts, events and ideas.
STANDARDS IN GRADING YOUR ESSAY ANSWERS:
Mastery (90 -100)(A): the essay is focused and well-organized, shows familiarity with most of the important facts and ideas related to the question, references material from the textbook, analyzes the information, and reaches a clear conclusion.
Moderate (80 -89)(B): the essay displays familiarity with many of the important facts and ideas related to the question, references some material from the textbook, and reaches a conclusion based on that information.
Basic (70-79)(C): the essay is of adequate length and although it shows a minimal familiarity with some of the important facts and ideas related to the question, it does not reference material from the textbook, makes inadequate analysis, and/or reaches no logical conclusion.
Unsatisfactory (60-59)(D): the essay is too brief, shows minimal familiarity with any of the important facts and ideas related to the question, does not reference material from the textbook, makes inadequate analysis, and/or reaches no logical conclusion.
Failing (Below 60)(F): the essay shows no familiarity with any of the important facts and ideas related to the question, does not reference material from the textbook, makes inadequate analysis, and/or reaches no logical conclusion.
STUDENT LEARNING OUTCOMES (SLOs)
As a result of completing this course students should gain the ability to:
Critically analyze the political/diplomatic development of America from its origins to 1865.
Critically analyze the economic development of America from its origins to 1865.
Critically analyze the social/cultural development of America from its origins to 1865.
PLAGIARISM AND CHEATING:
· Cheating – unauthorized material used during an examination (including electronic devices, changing answers after work has been graded, taking an exam for another student, forging or altering attendance sheets or other documents in the course, looking at another student’s paper/scantron/essay/computer/or exam with or without their approval is considered cheating. Any student caught cheating will receive a zero for the assignment/exam and be referred to Student Services for further disciplinary action.
· Plagiarism – Plagiarism is defined as the act of using ideas, words, or work of another person or persons as if they were one’s own, without giving proper credit to the original sources. This includes definitions found online in Wikipedia, materials from blogs, twitter or other similar electronic resources. The following examples are intended to be representative, but not all-inclusive:
- Failing to give credit by proper citations for others’ ideas and concepts, data and information, statements and phrases, and/or interpretations and conclusions.
- Failing to use quotation marks when quoting directly from another, whether it be a paragraph, a sentence, or a part thereof.
- Paraphrasing the expressions or thoughts of others without appropriate quotation marks or attribution.
- Representing another’s artistic/scholarly work such as essays, computer programs, photographs, paintings, drawings, sculptures or similar works as one’s own.
For the first offense, the penalty is a zero grade on that particular assignment. Any further offenses may result in expulsion from the class, as determined by the disciplinary action from the Office of Student Services.
· Recording Devices in the Classroom – Section 8907 of the California Education Code prohibits the use of any electronic audio or video recording devices without prior consent of the instructor (including cell phones, laptops, MP3 players, and more).
· Counseling Department: Counselors are provided free of charge. They are trained to assist you in choosing the right courses, selecting an eventual career, and maximizing your personal potential. For appointments or information call 818-364-7655 or visit http://www.lamission.edu/counseling/
· Reasonable Accommodation: Any and all reasonable accommodations will be made for students with verified disabilities. It is the student's responsibility to notify the instructor of this need. If you are a student with a disability and require accommodations, please send me a private e-mail. The sooner I am aware of your eligibility for accommodations, the quicker I will be able to assist the DSP&S Office in providing them. For students requiring accommodations, the DSP&S Office at Mission College provides special assistance in areas like: registering for courses, specialized tutoring, note-taking, mobility assistance, special instruction, testing assistance, special equipment, special materials, instructor liaisons, community referrals and job placement. If you have not done so already, you may also wish to contact the DSP&S Office in Instructional Building 1018 (phone 818/364-7732 TTD 818/364-7861) and bring a letter stating the accommodations that are needed.
· Medical Conditions: If you have any conditions that I need to know about, please notify me immediately by e-mail and provide me with an emergency phone number.
· Extended Opportunity Programs and Services: EOP&S is a state-funded program dedicated to assisting students with social, economic, academic or language disadvantages. Students may receive academic, career, and personal counseling, tutoring, book grants and other services. The qualification criteria change frequently. But if you are a resident of California and are enrolled full time (12 or more units) you may qualify. For appointments and information call 818-364-7645 or visit http://www.lamission.edu/eops/
· Financial Aid: Some 75% of Mission students qualify for some form of financial aid; only about a third of those actually receive it. Contact the Financial Aid Office for information and application forms. For information and applications call 818-364-7648 or visit http://www.lamission.edu/financialaid/
· LAMC Bookstore: For hours of operation, book availability, buybacks, and other information call 818-364-7798 or 364-7768 or visit: http://www.lamissionbookstore.com/ Their website tells you what textbooks are required for each class and how much they cost.
· Library: Librarians are trained to help you find the types of information you need for reports, research ppers, or other assignments. For information on library hours, resources, and other services contact 818-364-7105 or 364-7106 or http://www.lamission.edu/library/
· Tutoring Services in Learning Center: These services are also free and valuable. Available are Laboratories for Learning, Writing, Math & Science. Walk-in services may be available without an appointment. Call 818-364-7754 or visit http://www.lamission.edu/learningcenter
Drop Deadlines: 818- 988 -2222 or www.laccd.edu/student_information
Last day to drop for a refund/or not owe fees ……………………………..…………….... January 7
Last day to drop classes without a W………………………………………………………. January 7
Last day to drop classes with a W……….January 31 (Letter grade must be issued after this date)
If you stop attending a class (or wish to drop a class) YOU MUST DROP THE CLASS YOURSELF
OFFICIALLY on or before the deadline, through the Internet or in person in the Office of
Admissions & Records. Failure to do so will result in a grade of “F” in the class.
Keep up with your grades on class website index GRADES”
Student Portal -- update e-mail address, view your schedule and grades from past semesters
www.lamission.edu “students” then “student portal” enter “88 -------” then PIN (MMDD) birthday
and option 1 - update e-mail address
PLEASE PROGRAM CAMPUS SHERIFF NUMBER IN YOUR CELL PHONE: 818-364-7843
As a courtesy to all, please turn off cell phones or place them on vibrations. Avoid exiting during class or responding to calls and leaving the room. If you are late please minimize disruption to the class. If you have a special situation please don't hesitate to talk to me about it. All electronic devices are strictly prohibited during exams. Laptops should only be used to take notes, not for surfing the web.
Obtain at least one fellow student’s information in case you're ever absent:
Name_______________________ e-mail_____________________ phone________________________
This syllabus is a guide to use throughout the course and is subject to change at the instructor's discretion. Please do not hesitate to ask for assistance. It is my goal that you succeed in this class.
January 5 through 8, 2015
Course overview. Beginnings. First peoples. The Demise of the Big Mammals. The Archaic Period. The Maize Revolution. The diffusion of Corn. Population Growth After AD 800. Cahokia: The Hub of Mississippian Culture. The Collapse of Urban Centers. Eurasia and Africa. Europe in Ferment. Alien Encounters: Europe in the Americas. Columbus’s Great Triumph – and Error. Spain’s American Empire. Extending Spain’s Empire to the North. Disease and Population Losses. Spain’s European Rivals. The Protestant Reformation. English Beginnings in America. The Settlement of Virginia. “Purifying” the Church of England. Bradford and Plymouth Colony. Winthrop and Massachusetts Bay Colony. Troublemakers: Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson. Other New England Colonies. Pequot War and King Philip’s War. Maryland and the Carolinas. French and Dutch Settlements. The Middle Colonies. Culturaal Collisions. Cultural Fusions. Tisquantum. How Many Indians Perished With European Settlement? American Society in the Making. Settlement of New France. Society in New Mexico, Texas, and California. The English Prevail on the Atlantic Seaboard. The Chesapeake Colonies. The Lure of Land. “Solving” the Labor Shortage: Slavery. Prosperity in a Pipe: Tobacco. Bacon’s Rebellion. The Carolinas. Home and Family in the South. Georgia and the Back Country. Puritan New England. The Puritan Family. Puritan Women and Children. Visible Puritan Saints and Others. Democracies Without Democrats. The Dominion of New England. Salem Bewitched. Higher Education in New England. A Merchant’s World. The Middle Colonies: Economic Basis. The Middle Colonies: An Intermingling of Peoples. “The Best Poor Man’s Country.” The Politics of Diversity. Becoming Americans. The Crucible. America in the British Empire. The British Colonial System. Mercantilism. The Navigation Acts. The Effects of Mercantilism. The Great Awakening. The Rise and Fall of Jonathan Edwards. The Enlightenment in America. Colonial Scientific Achievements. Repercussions of Distant Wars. The Great War for the Empire. Britain Victorious: The Peace of Paris. Burdens of an Expanded Empire. Tightening Imperial Controls. The Sugar Act. American Colonists Demand Rights. The Stamp Act: The Pot Set to Boiling. Rioters or Rebels? The Declaratory Act. The Townshend Duties. The Boston Massacre. The Bioling Pot Spills Over. The Tea Act Crisis. From Resistance to Revolution. (Read: Carnes & Garraty, “Prologue: Beginnings” and Chapters 1, 2 and 3).
January 12 through 15
The American Revolution. “The Shot Heard Round the World.” The Second Continental Congress. The Battle of Bunker Hill. The Great Declaration. 1776: The Balance of Forces. Loyalists. The British Take New York City. Saratoga and the French Alliance. The War Moves South. Victory at Yorktown. Negotiating a Favorable Peace. a National Government Under the Articles of Confederation. Financing the War. State Republican Governments. Social Reform and Antislavery. Women and the Revolution. Growth of a National Spirit. The Great Land Ordinances. National Heroes. A National Culture. Was the American Revolution Rooted In Class Struggle? The Patriot. FIRST QUIZ (January 12).
The Federalist Era: Nationalism Triumphant. Inadequacies of the Articles of Confederation. Daniel Shays’s “Little Rebellion.” To Philadelphia, and the Constitution. The Great Convention. The Compromises That Produced the Constitution. Ratifying the Constitution. Washington as President. Congress Under Way. Hamilton and Financial Reform. The Ohio Country: A Dark and Bloody Ground. Revolution in France. Federalists and Republicans: The Rise of Political Parties. 1794: Crisis and Resolution. Jay’s Treaty. 1795: All’s Well That Ends Well. Washington’s Farewell. The Election of 1796. The XYZ Affair. The Alien and Sedition Acts. The Kentucky and Virginia Resolves. Radical Frontiersmen vs. Conservative Easterners. Jeffersonian Democracy. Jefferson Elected President. The Federalist Contribution. Thomas Jefferson: Political Theorist. Jefferson as President. Jefferson’s Attack on the Judiciary. The Barbary Pirates. The Louisiana Purchase. The Federalists Discredited. Lewis and Clark. Jeffersonian Democracy. The Burr Conspiracy. Napoleon and the British. The Impressment Controversy. The Embargo Act. Jeffersonian Democracy. Did Thomas Jefferson Father a Child by His Slave? A Water Route to the Pacific? (Read: Carnes & Garraty, Chapters 4, 5 and 6)
[January 19 – HOLIDAY – (Martin Luther King Jr.’s Birthday)]
January 20 through 23
National Growing Pains. Madison in Power. Tecumseh and Indian Resistance. Depression and Land Hunger. Opponents of War. The War of 1812. Britain Assumes the Offensive. “The Star Spangled Banner.” The Treaty of Ghent. The Hartford Convention. The Battle of New Orleans and the End of the War. Anglo-American Rapprochement. The Transcontinental Treaty. The Monroe Doctrine. The Era of Good Feelings. New Sectional Issues. New Leaders. The Missouri Compromise. The Election of 1824. John Quincy Adams as President. Calhoun’s Exposition and Protest. The Meaning of Sectionalism. North-South Sectionalism Intensifies. (Read: Carnes & Garraty, Chapter 7)
January 21: MIDTERM EXAM (6:30 – 8:30 P.M.) Discussion. Overview of next period (1828 to 1865).
Toward a National Economy. Gentility and the Consumer Revolution. Birth of the Factory. An Industrial Proletariat? Lowell’s Waltham System: Women as Factory Workers. Irish and German Immigrants. The Persistence of the Household System. Rise of Corporations. Cotton Revolutionizes the South. Revival of Slavery. Roads to Market. Transportation and the Government. Development of Steamboats. The Canal Boom. New York City: Emporium of the Western World. The Marshall Court. The Making of the Working Class. Was There a “Market Revolution” in the Early 1830s? Jacksonian Democracy. “Democratizing” Politics. 1828: The New Party System in Embryo. The Jacksonian Appeal. The Spoils System. President of All the People. Sectional Tensions Revived. Jackson: “The Bank . . . I Will Kill It!” Jackson’s Bank Veto. Jackson Versus Calhoun. Indian Removals. The Nullification Crisis. Boom and Bust. The Jacksonians. Rise of the Whigs. Martin Van Buren: Jacksonianism Without Jackson. The Log Cabin Campaign. For Whom Did Jackson Fight? Davy Crockett. (Read: Carnes & Garraty, Chapters 8 and 9)
January 26 through 29
The Making of Middle-Class America. Tocqueville: Democracy in America. The Family Recast. The Second Great Awakening. The Era of Associations. Backwoods Utopias. The Age of Reform. “Demon Rum”. The Abolitionist Crusade. Women’s Rights. The Romantic View of Life. Emerson and Thoreau. Edgar Allan Poe. Nathaniel Hawthorne. Herman Melville. Walt Whitman. Reading and the Dissemination of Culture. Education for Democracy. The State of the Colleges. Family Size: Northeast vs. Frontier. Westward Expansion. Tyler’s Troubles. The Webster-Ashburton Treaty. The Texas Question. Manifest Destiny. Life on the Trail. California and Oregon. The Election of 1844. Polk as President. War with Mexico. To the Halls of Montezuma. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. The Fruits of Victory: Further Enlargement of the United States. Slavery: Storm Clouds Gather. The Election of 1848. The Gold Rush. The Compromise of 1850. Did the Frontier Change Women’s Roles? The Alamo. (Read: Carnes and Garraty, Chapter 10)
SECOND QUIZ (January 28)
The Sections Go Their Ways. The South. The Economics of Slavery. Antebellum Plantation Life. The Sociology of Slavery. Psychological Effects of Slavery. Manufacturing in the South. The Northern Industrial Juggernaut. A Nation of Immigrants. How Wage Earners Lived. Progress and Poverty. Foreign Commerce. Steam Conquers the Atlantic. Canals and Railroads. Financing the Railroads. Railroads and the Economy. Railroads and the Sectional Conflict. The Economy on the Eve of Civil War. Sojourner Truth. Did Slaves and Masters Form Emotional Bonds? (Read: Carnes & Garraty, Chapters 11 and 12)
February 2 through 5
The Coming of the Civil War. Slave-Catchers Come North. Uncle Tom’s Cabin. Diversions Abroad: The “Young America” Movement. Stephen Douglas: “The Little Giant.” The Kansas-Nebraska Act. Know-Nothings, Republicans, and the Demise of the Two-Party System. “Bleeding Kansas.” Senator Sumner Becomes a Martyr for Abolitionism. Buchanan Tries His Hand. The Dred Scott Decision. The Proslavery Lecompton Constitution. The Emergence of Lincoln. The Lincoln-Douglas Debates. John Brown’s Raid. The Election of 1860. The Secession Crisis. Runaway Slaves: Hard Realities. Was the Civil War Avoidable? The War to Save the Union. Lincoln’s Cabinet. Fort Sumter: The First Shot. The Blue and the Gray. The Test of Battle: Bull Run. Paying for the War. Politics as Usual. Behind Confederate Lines. War in the West: Shiloh. McClellan: The Reluctant Warrior. Lee Counterattacks: Antietam. The Emancipation Proclamation. The Draft Riots. The Emancipated People. African American Soldiers. Antietam to Gettysburg. Lincoln Finds His General: Grant at Vicksburg. Economic and Social Effects, North and South. Women in Wartime. Grant in the Wilderness. Sherman in Georgia. To Appomattox Court House. Winners, Losers, and the Future. Why Did the South Lose the Civil War? Glory. Reconstruction and the South. The Assassination of Lincoln. Presidential Reconstruction. Republican Radicals. Congress Rejects Johnsonian Reconstruction. The Fourteenth Amendment. The Reconstruction Acts. Congress Supreme. The Fifteenth Amendment. “Black Republican” Reconstruction: Scalawags and Carpetbaggers. The Ravaged Land. Sharecropping and the Crop-Lien System. The White Backlash. Grant as President. The Disputed Election of 1876. The Compromise of 1877. Were Reconstruction Governments Corrupt? The Politics of Reconstruction. Cold Mountain. (Read: Carnes & Garraty, Chapters 13 and 14)
February 5: FINAL EXAM (it will focus on the 1828 – 1865 period)