What is Sociology?
Sociology is the study of social life, social change, and the social causes and consequences of human
behavior. Sociologists investigate the structure of groups, organizations, and societies and how
people interact within these contexts. Since all human behavior is social, the subject matter of
sociology ranges from the intimate family to hostile mob; from organized crime to religious
traditions; from the divisions of race, gender, and social class to the shared beliefs of common
*This text is an excerpt from 21st Century Careers with an Undergraduate Degree in Sociology.
Careers in Sociology
An undergraduate degree in Sociology can lead to many different places. For instance, people with
BA’s in Sociology can be city planners, marketing consultants, research associates, public health
consultants, teachers, community developers, criminologists, parole officers, and work in human
resources management. In addition, people with BA’s in Sociology have completed Law School,
Business School, and Social Work Programs. A Master’s degree and/or Ph.D. in Sociology can prepare
one for teaching at the college level, to work in research industries, as business consultants, and in
Why do students major in Sociology?
Below are quotes from sociology majors stating why they chose to major in Sociology.
After my first sociology course, I was hooked. I was into studying society and how social changes affect
us. Sociology offers so many different ways to understand how society works, and it helps us have a
greater understanding of why certain things happen in society.
Sociology was a major where I was encouraged to go wherever my mind would take me. I was given
the tools to test my ideas and discover actual data to support my theories.
I had a genuine interest in understanding my own social location in the world.
I chose sociology because I felt that sociology would give me the most freedom to explore multiple career paths.
As a rising city planner, I am able to see how my understandings of socio-economic
disparities operate in an urban context. I know that in the future I will be able to effectively create
solutions in local distressed communities.
*This text is an excerpt from The American Sociology Association