ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF FUNGI
25-50% of harvested fruits and vegetables are damaged by fungi.
Fungal infections of plants commonly called rots, rusts, blights, and smuts.
Candida oleophila: Used to prevent fungal growth on harvested fruits.
Saccharomyces cerevisiae: Used to make bread and wine.
Genetically engineered strains are used to make proteins (Hepatitis B vaccine).
Taxomyces: Produces anticancer drug taxol.
Phytophthora infestans: Caused great potato famine in mid-1800s. Over 1 million people died from starvation. Many immigrated to the U.S.